What is acne?
Acne is a common condition affecting millions of teens and adults. The clinical signs of acne are plugged pores (blackheads and whiteheads), pimples (red papules and pustules), and even deeper cysts and nodules. Acne can occur on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders, upper arms and buttocks. Besides discomfort, acne can cause unsightly scars and low self-esteem.
What causes acne?
Acne is not caused by dirt. The primary cause of acne is increased oil production by the skin and bacterial overgrowth. Dried oil (sebum) and shed skin cells accumulate in the openings of the hair follicles. This attracts bacteria and white blood cells migrate to the area to fight the bacteria. Chemicals are released causing the pores to become inflamed (red and swollen). Inflamed pores are seen as a pimples or cysts. Acne can be worsened by hormonal changes which occur during puberty. Women also experience acne flares with menses and during their 30s to 50s. Other factors affecting acne include genetics, diet, and stress.
How can I treat acne?
Control of acne is an ongoing process. Acne treatments work by preventing new acne. Washing your face with a cleanser or soap twice daily and washing your hair regularly is also helpful. Our dermatologist will start you on a home treatment program that is right for you. Recommended office procedures for acne include chemical peels and microdermabrasion.
How do I treat acne scars?
Using a sunscreen with SPF of 30 or higher is essential. Our office offers chemical peels, laser treatments, and eMatrix radiofrequency treatments for acne scars.
Call for your consultation today at (562) 430-4294.